Flag of Novorossiya

Flag of Novorossiya

Tuesday, May 31, 2016


The proposed flag of the defunct self-proclaimed confederation of Novorossiya (New Russia) is a variant of the battle flag which was adopted on 24 May 2014, with the addition of the coat of arms. A tricolor was presented on 13 August 2014 by Oleg Tsarev as a potential state flag. This resembled an upside-down Romanov flag, which was the national flag of the Russian Empire from 1858 to 1883. However, it has not seen widespread usage, and is seemingly unadopted.

Novorossiyia was an unrecognised confederation of the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics, claiming the territory of the respective Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts in the Donbass region of eastern Ukraine. On 20 May 2015 the leadership of the Federal State of Novorossiya announced the 'freezing' of the confederation 'project'.

Friday, May 27, 2016

FSO – Federal Protective Service

            20 years ago on this date, 27 May 1996, the FSO was formed. I will post information about this Protective Security Unit from Russia from Wikipedia.

Federal Protective Service of Russia
Федеральная служба охраны России
Common name
Federal Protective Service

Agency overview
May 27, 1996
Preceding agency
Glavnoye Upravlenie Okhrani (GUO)
Annual budget
Legal personality
Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Governing body
Constituting instrument
Law On State Protection
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
Protection of international or domestic VIPs, protection of significant state asseets.
Operational structure
Agency executive
General Evgeny Murov, Director
Child agency
Presidential Security Service (Russia)

The Federal Protective Service (FSO) (Russian: Федеральная служба охраны, ФСО (Federalnaya Sluzhba Okhrany) of the Russian Federation, official name in English Federal Guard Service of the Russian Federation) is a federal government agency concerned with the tasks related to the protection of several, mandated by the relevant law, high-ranking state officials, including the President of Russia, as well as certain federal properties. It traces its origin to the USSR's Ninth Chief Directorate of the KGB and later Presidential Security Service (SBP) led by KGB general Alexander Korzhakov.

On May 27, 1996, the law "On State Protection" reorganized the GUO (Glavnoye Upravlenie Okhrani) into the FSO (Federal Protection Service). Under article 7 of the law, "the President of the Russian Federation, while in office, shall not be allowed to forgo state protection."

FSO includes the Russian Presidential Security Service. This president's personal security is directed by Viktor Zolotov who, according to Sergei Tretiakov, also supervises the entire FSO.

The National Guard of Russia (Russian: Национальная Гвардия России, Natsional'naya Gvardiya Rossii), also known as the "Russian Guards" (Rosgvardia), is an internal security corps organized along military lines of the Russian Federation. It was established in April 2016 by a decree signed by President Vladimir Putin to create this new federal executive body to combat terrorism, organized crime, protect public order and guard important state facilities. The corps is directly subordinated to him under his powers as supreme commander-in-chief and Security Council Chairman.
According to some scholars, the establishment of the National Guard of Russia is an effort to enhance efficiency and avoid duplication of responsibilities within the Russian security system.
Structure and command

Since May 18, 2000, the agency is headed by General Evgeny Murov. The FSO has roughly 20,000–30,000 uniformed personnel plus several thousand plainclothed personnel and controls the Cheget that can be used in the event of global nuclear war. It also operates a secure communications system for senior government officials. The FSO is a powerful institution with a range of rights and powers, including the right to conduct searches and surveillance without warrants, make arrests, and give orders to other state agencies.

One of the FSO units is the Kremlin Regiment. A more recent addition to the FSO infrastructure is the Special Communications Service of Russia (Spetsviaz) which was incorporated as a structural sub unit on August 7, 2004.

Russian honour guard from the 154th Preobrazhensky ICR perform a pass and review as part of a wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow, Russia
History of the federal protective services
  • Special department by VChK College
  • Special department of GPU
  • Special department by OGPU College – Dec 1929
  • 5th department (special safeguard) of Operod, SOU OGPU, Jan 1930 – Mar 1931
  • 5th department (special safeguard) of Operod, SOU OGPU, Mar–Jun 1931
  • 4th department of Operod, OGPU, Jun 1931
  • Operod of OGPU
  • Operative division (Operod) of GUGB NKVD USSR, Jul 1934 – Nov 1936
  • Division of safeguard by GUGB NKVD USSR, Dec 1936 – Jun 1938
  • Department of Moscow Kremlin's commandant, NKVD USSR
  • 1st division of 1st Department by NKVD USSR, Jun–Sep 1938
  • 1st division of GUGB
  • 1st division of NKGB
  • Department of Moscow Kremlin's commandant, NKGB USSR
  • 1st division of NKVD
  • Department of Moscow Kremlin's commandant, NKVD USSR
  • Sixth department of NKGB USSR, Apr 1943 – Mar 1946
  • Department of Moscow Kremlin's commandant, NKGB USSR
  • Sixth department of MGB USSR, Mar–Apr 1946
  • Department of safeguard No. 1, MGB, Apr–Dec 1946
  • Department of safeguard No. 2, MGB, Apr–Dec 1946
  • Department of Moscow Kremlin's commandant, MGB USSR, Dec 1946
  • Headquarters of safeguard, MGB USSR, Dec 1946 – May 1952
  • Department of safeguard, MGB, May 1952
  • Ninth department of MVD USSR, Mar 1953 – Mar 1954
  • Tenth department of MVD USSR, Mar 1953 – Mar 1954
  • Ninth department of KGB by SM USSR, Mar 1954 –
  • Tenth department of KGB by SM USSR, Mar 1954 –
  • Fifteenth department of KGB by SM USSR
  • Ninth department of KGB USSR
  • Fifteenth department of KGB USSR
  • Service of safeguard, KGB USSR
  • Department of safeguard by USSR President
  • Main Administration of Protection (GUO – Glavnoye Upravlenie Okhrani) (1992–1996)
  • Federal Protective Service (FSO) (1996–today)